Jump to navigation Jump to search Buddhism is one of the world’s most prolific religions, dominating in much of mainland South East Asia , and influential as well in South Asia and East Asia. There is also a Buddhist diaspora spread across most of the world and a renaissance of interest in the West since the late 60s and 70s. According to tradition, Prince Siddharta Gautama the Buddha’s former name was born in Lumbini as heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Sakya in present day Nepal , near the Indian border. He was raised in the palace with the best luxuries money can buy, but shut off from the outside world by his father, the king. One night, he sneaked out of the palace and saw four sights that had a profound impact on the rest of his life; an old man, a sick man, a dead man and an ascetic. As a result, he discovered that a life of luxury did not lead to peace of mind, and that the rich, like the poor, still suffer the torments of old age, sickness and death.

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Stone age[ edit ] Evidence of the Stone Age human inhabitants of Gandhara, including stone tools and burnt bones, was discovered at Sanghao near Mardan in area caves. The artifacts are approximately 15, years old. More recent excavations point to 30, years before the present. Gandhara Kingdom , Indo-Aryan migration , and Vedic civilization Gandhara was an ancient kingdom of the Peshawar Valley, extending between the Swat valley and Potohar plateau regions of Pakistan as well as the Jalalabad district of northeastern Afghanistan.

In an archaeological context, the Vedic period in Gandhara corresponds to the Gandhara grave culture. In the book Histories by Herodotus, Gandhara is named as a source of tax collections for King Darius.

This report catalogs over forms of Kannon in Japan. It features nearly photos, copious reference notes, spellings in multiple Asian languages, and a handy A-to-Z List of Kannon Forms.

Buddhism, which had emerged from north India, was embraced by the Gandharan people, whose wealth gave them the means to invest large sums of money in the construction of Buddhist monasteries and sacred areas. More sculpture and architecture made in the service of Buddhism has been found in Greater Gandhara than in any other part of ancient South Asia. Among the earliest remains from Gandhara are luxury items found in urban centers, including intricately carved stone dishes, jewelry, and trade goods carved in bone or ivory, dating from the second century B.

The first art associated with Buddhism dates to the early first century A. These reliefs typically illustrate important episodes from the biography of the Buddha, such as his birth, first sermon, and death. Following a gradual decline in the narrative sculptural tradition, devotional images of Buddhas and bodhisattvas began to appear: In Gandhara devotional sculptures grew dramatically in size from about the late fourth to early fifth century A.

By the late fifth century A. It was during this late phase in Afghanistan when devotional representations of Buddhas and bodhisattvas reached truly monumental proportions, such as the famous Buddhas at Bamiyan.

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Dainichi Nyorai, in fact, is one of the exceptions to the rule. Not only does the mudra of six elements help to identify Dai Nichi, but also images of Dai Nichi often show the deity wearing a crown and jewels. This is the world-famous Daibutsu of Nara, supposedly the largest bronze statue in the world. But it is actually Birushana Nyorai , not Dainichi Nyorai — the two are manifestations of the same deity, and different sects give the deity different names. Click here for more on Birushana and a history of the Big Buddha of Nara.

Ancient Japan Gallery Esoteric Buddhism was founded on the principle that the two aspects of Buddha, both the unchanging cosmic principle and the active, physical manifestation of Buddha in the natural world, were one and the same.

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The Brahmi inscription on the pillar gives evidence that Ashoka , emperor of the Maurya Empire , visited the place in 3rd-century BCE and identified it as the birth-place of the Buddha. The inscription was translated by Paranavitana: He caused it to be announced that the Buddha Shakyamuni was born here and thereby caused to be created a strong desire among people for that spot.

He also caused a stone pillar to be set up so as to indicate that the Blessed One was born here. He made the village of Lummini free of taxes and made it a partaker of prosperity. Excavation at the Mayadevi Temple in [ edit ] According to Robin Coningham, excavations beneath existing brick structures at the Mayadevi Temple at Lumbini provide evidence for an older timber structure beneath the walls of a brick Buddhist shrine built during the Ashokan era 3rd-century BCE.

Leiko Coyle with a gilt bronze Buddha

Refuge Buddhism Traditionally, the first step in most forms of Buddhism requires taking refuge , as the foundation of one’s religious practice, in Buddhism’s Three Jewels Sanskrit: This is considered the ultimate expression of compassion in Buddhism. The Three Jewels are: This is a title for those who attained Awakening similar to the Buddha and helped others to attain it.

The other world, the Womb World (Taizokai in Japanese, Garbhadhatu in Sanskrit), was the world of physical phenomenon. In this mandala, the Dainichi Nyorai sits in the middle in relationship to all his physical manifestations ranged in several courts radiating outward from him.

It merged with native Taoism and folk religion. Ancient Buddhism taught by Buddha involved reaching Enlightenment through meditation. How to go about this and what it means is open to interpretation. When early Buddhist scriptures were translated into Chinese, Taoist terminology based on native religion was often used.

People interpreted the scripture in their own ways. Buddhism has had a long history in China, and native Buddhist religions developed that are accepted by Chinese Buddhists. Then various schools sects developed in China and became popular in other countries like Japan. There are no religious polls, but there may be hundreds of millions of people who believe a combination of Buddhism and Taoism in China.

One difference of much Chinese Buddhism compared to the original teachings is the belief that Buddha is not just a teacher who taught what to do but is a god to be prayed to for help and salvation. Chinese Buddhists may pray to both Buddha and Taoist gods, and they often also pay homage to ancestors believing that their ancestors want their help. For example, they may burn paper that their ancestors can use as money.

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Print Every afternoon at two o’clock the sky darkens and the damp air stills. We wait, though not for long. The rain falls hard and warm, so loud there is no point trying to talk above it.

Earlier Mahayana sutras already contained some elements which are emphasized in the Tantras, such as mantras and dharani. The use of mantras and protective verses actually dates back to the Vedic period and the early Buddhist texts like the Pali practice of visualization of Buddhas such as Amitābha is also seen in pre-tantra texts like the Longer Sukhāvatīvyūha Sūtra.

Add to Wishlist Install What are the distinctive features of Buddhism? Who was the Buddha, and what are his teachings? Words such as “karma” and “nirvana” have entered our vocabulary, but what do they mean? Buddhism is a religion to about million people around the world. The word comes from ‘budhi’, ‘to awaken’. It has its origins about 2, years ago when Siddhartha Gotama, known as the Buddha, was himself awakened enlightened at the age of


Miyazaki city is the largest city in the mainly rural prefecture with a population of over , inhabitants. Miyazaki city is a pleasant seaside town popular with people on vacation and a fun place to base yourself to visit the many attractions the prefecture has to offer. Miyazaki enjoys the most sunshine hours of any city in Japan and visitors come for the relaxed atmosphere as well as the castle towns of Aya and Obi, the scenic Nichinan Coast and the sub-tropical island of Aoshima.

Inland is the scenic gorge, kagura dances and Shinto shrines of Takachiho. Modern Sculpture at Miyazaki Culture Park Miyazaki History Modern day Miyazaki Prefecture was divided among a number of clans domains during the Edo Period including the powerful Shimazu clan based in Kagoshima to the south, the Nobeoka clan to the north around the modern town of that name and the Sadowara and Obi clans.

Takachiho In Miyazaki is connected with the myths surrounding Japan’s creation and the antics of such gods as Amaterasu, Tajikarao, Ameno-Uzume and Izanagi and Izanami at Amano Iwato Shrine , where the sun goddess Amaterasu was found hiding in a cave by Tajikarao and enticed out by a comic and bawdy dance by Ameno-Uzume, thus creating the world.

One of the Fuji Goko Lakes, this is the location for photographing the reflected “upside-down Mt. Fuji” depicted on Japan’s yen note. It boasts the greatest depth and clarity of the Fuji Goko Lakes, beautifully melding its lapis lazuli hue with Mt. Fuji.

Or maybe my search was too quick. Anyway, I’ve been very happy living on my own, pretty simple life really, going to work, smallish apartment, playing guitar, writing and recording music, making youtube videos. I was happiest when I didn’t want anything at all. But then, here’s the thing. There’s room to grow. And I wonder about that a lot. I wonder about the dichotomy between being satisfied with what you have and being open to having more.

There’s this story Ajahn Brahm told that I remember, about these two villagers. Wait maybe it was a story from the Buddha. I don’t remember, but anyway Two villagers went to an abandoned town to scavenge around, see what they could find to bring back to their families. They found some nice hemp! So they filled up their bags and turned around and headed home. But wait, on their way they saw some cloth.


XIY is located 40 km 25 mi northwest of the city centre, in Xianyang. As Xi’an is located in the heartland of China, it takes no more than 2 hours to fly to most major Chinese cities. The airport has three terminals. Terminal 2 and 3 are for domestic flights. The international flights depart from the terminal 2 near terminal 3.

CENTRAL – MID-LEVELS ESCALATORS The Central – Mid-Levels Escalator system, is the world’s longest outdoor covered escalator system, stretching for over metres and rising metres through the streets of a steep hillside linking these districts of Hong Kong Island.

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